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 HORTA José da Silva, MARK Peter - The Forgotten Diaspora: Jewish Communities in West Africa and the Making of the Atlantic World

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  •  HORTA José da Silva, MARK Peter - The Forgotten Diaspora: Jewish Communities in West Africa and the Making of the Atlantic World

HORTA José da Silva, MARK Peter

The Forgotten Diaspora: Jewish Communities in West Africa and the Making of the Atlantic World

Cambridge University Press - Cambridge - 2011
ISBN: 9780521192866
280 p., 8 ill.noir et blanc et 3 cartes - 15,2 x 22,8 cm

Disponibilité éditeur: Disponible chez l'éditeur.


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 This book traces the history of early seventeenth-century Portuguese Sephardic traders who settled in two communities on Senegal's Petite Côte. There, they lived as public Jews, under the spiritual guidance of a rabbi sent by the newly established Portuguese Jewish community in Amsterdam and were protected from agents of the Inquisition by local Muslim rulers. The Petite Côte communities included several Jews of mixed Portuguese-African heritage as well as African wives, offspring, and servants. The blade weapons trade was an important part of their commercial activities. These merchants participated marginally in the slave trade but fully in the arms trade, illegally supplying West African markets with swords. This arms trade depended on artisans and merchants based in Morocco, Lisbon, and northern Europe and affected warfare in the Sahel and along the Upper Guinea Coast. The study discovers previously unknown Jewish communities and by doing so offers a reinterpretation of the dynamics and processes of identity construction throughout the Atlantic world.

Introduction
1. Two Sephardic communities on Senegal's Petite Côte
2. Jewish identity in Senegambia
3. Religious interaction: Catholics, Jews, and Muslims in early 17th-century Upper Guinea
4. The blade weapons trade in seventeenth-century West Africa
5. The Luso-African ivories as historical source for the weapons trade and for the Jewish presence in Guinea of Cape Verde
6. The later years: merchant mobility and the evolution of identity
Conclusion
Appendix I
Appendix II.
- Peter Mark is Professor of Art History at Wesleyan University Connecticut). He is the author of several books, including 'Portuguese' Style and Luso-African Identity: Precolonial Senegambia, Sixteenth to Nineteenth Centuries (2002) and The Wild Bull and the Sacred Forest: Form, Meaning and Change in Senegambian Initiation Masks of the Diola (Cambridge University Press, 1992), as well as multiple scholarly articles. Professor Mark has twice been an Alexander von Humboldt research Fellow at the Frobenius-Institut, Goethe Universität (Frankfurt). He has also held National Endowment for the Humanities and Fulbright Fellowships.

- José da Silva Horta is Assistant Professor, with tenure, of African History and of Expansion History at Lisbon University, where he is also a researcher at the Center of History. He serves as director of the Faculty of Letters Doctoral Program in African History and of the African Studies Undergraduate Program. He is author of A 'Guiné do Cabo Verde': produção textual e representações (1578–1684), PhD dissertation, 2002 (revised to the press). His publications include A representação do Africano na Literatura de Viagens, do Senegal à Serra Leoa (1453–1508) (1991) and articles in international journals.