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 RICHARDSON James - Travels in the Great Desert of Sahara in the Years of 1845 and 1846 Incuding a description of the Oases and cities of Ghat, Ghadames and Mourzouk

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  •  RICHARDSON James - Travels in the Great Desert of Sahara in the Years of 1845 and 1846 Incuding a description of the Oases and cities of Ghat, Ghadames and Mourzouk

RICHARDSON James

Travels in the Great Desert of Sahara in the Years of 1845 and 1846 Incuding a description of the Oases and cities of Ghat, Ghadames and Mourzouk

R. Bentley - London - 1848
2 vol. de XXXI-440 et XII-482 pp., 3 planches et 1 carte dépliante - 22,1 x 13,7 cm

Disponibilité éditeur: Epuisé chez l'éditeur.


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 First edition of this account of James Richardson's (1806-1851) first expedition to Africa. Richardson was an English explorer and ardent anti-slavery campaigner; he considered the slave trade to be "the most gigantic system of wickedness that world has ever seen" (Wright, Libya, Chad and the Central Sahara, p. 68). In 1845, Richardson joined a Sahara-bound expedition leaving Tripoli. With it, he travelled to "Ghadames, became the first European to visit Ghat, and, after a nine-month long and arduous journey through Fezzan, arrived safely back in Tripoli" (Embacher, cataloguer's translation). His account includes descriptions of the major cities in the Fezzan region, trade routes and oases, as well as the culture, religion, and traditions of the Tuaregs. Richardson also frequently refers to the trans-Saharan slave trade and the position of slaves in local Tuareg communities, a subject he had already discussed in his "Report on the Slave-Trade of the Great Desert", written for the Anti-Slavery Reporter and Aborigines' Friend upon his return to London in 1846. Upon publication, the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society wrote of Richardson's Travels: "These volumes are useful contributions to our knowledge of the interior of the imperfectly known regions of Northern Africa; and they describe some hundreds of miles of desert routes over which no Europeans had previously passed, as well as several of the cities of the Desert, of which we had not before received accounts from European visitors" (JRGS, vol. 18, p. lix)

 James Richardson qui appartient à la Société anglaise pour l’abolition de l’esclavage va participer en 1845 à une expédition visant à mieux connaître les intinéraires transsahariens utilisés par les marchands d'esclaves; il visite à cette occasion Ghadamez, Ghat, le Fezzan, Mourzouk, Sockna et Misratah.

James Richardson (Londres, 1909 - Ngurutua, 1851) est un explorateur britannique. Il effectue en 1845 une première expédition qui le menera de Tunis et Tripoli à Ghadames et Ghât (et retour) et publie le récit de ce voyage. Il repart en 1850 avec Heinrich Barth et Adolf Overweg, va jusqu'à Mourzouk puis Ghât et continue seul vers Zinder. Il meurt en mars 1951 près de Kukawa. Les notes et journaux correspondants à cette expédition seront publiés par Baye Saint John en 1853, ceux de son voyage au Maroc en 1859.
 

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